Guidelines for Organising an Innovation Co-Creation Laboratory Online

In order to further facilitate cooperation between business and research, the Vidzeme Planning Region (VPR) together with Riga Technical University’s Design Factory implemented an experimental event: the Innovation Co-Creation Laboratory (ICL). The structure of the planning and organisation process, ready-made materials as well as lessons learnt and solutions generated serve as a particularly important resource for anyone working to strengthen cooperation between researchers and entrepreneurs. To transfer the already tested set of methods and tools to other co-creation organisers, Guidelines for Organising an Innovation Co-Creation Laboratory Online have been prepared.  (more…)


The GoSmart BSR project team has produced an inspiring Newsletter, which brings together various experience and success stories from Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Lithuania and Germany, making the reader look at the current business environment from the opportunity and innovation perspective.

Smart Specialisation Strategy – bibliometric analysis & GoSmart BSR project practices

The aim of the article is to present practical solutions used in the GoSmart BSR project to identify transnational smart specialization strategies in the light of current research directions. The article uses descriptive analysis of the results and bibliometric analysis using tools available in VOSviewer and SCOPUS database (303 publications). The article presents results of bibliographic research with clusters analysis and assumptions of The methodology for Transnational Smart Specialisation Strategy (Trans-S3). (more…)

Barriers in the internationalization of Podlasie SMEs – GoSmart BSR project experience

There is no unambiguous definition of internationalization although a lot of theories that has made great contribution to enterprise internationalization have been propounded. Internationalization is commonly understood as an extending the company’s activity to foreign markets to ensure a better competitive position. The company’s operation on the local market differs from its operation on foreign markets. Examples of many companies indicate that internationalization processes, even if they enable them to gain new markets, involve the need to overcome various types of barriers. The aim of this paper was to identify barriers of internationalization among SMEs in Podlaskie voivodeship.

The study indicates that internationalization raises interest, but it also generates many problems that entrepreneurs need to deal with. The entrepreneurs that took part in the study indicated several barriers that hamper or even make it impossible to establish business activity on foreign markets.


The Uppsala model vs. the network approach in the process of internationalization

In recent decades, along with the phenomenon of international cooperation growing dynamically and the fast progress in the field of new technologies, there has been a noticeable interpenetration of markets. The result of said changes is the tendency for over-coming or even erasing barriers which leads to the connection of domestic markets into a single, global market. This phenomenon is known as internationalization. Nowadays it is one of the most frequently recurring elements of corporate strategies, which is why it is worth taking a closer look at. The process of internationalization is often rather complex, which means it’s a multi-stage process. In order to systematize and identify the processes that lead to internationalization, specialized models have been established. These models systematize carried out operations, determine their character and, primarily, shed light on intricate business processes that take place in companies. Therefore, the purpose of the article is to characterize basic internationalization models of small and medium-sized enterprises and relate them to the Uppsala model, which will determine its significance in the process of internationalization.

Authors: Ł. Dragun (BUT), P. Olszyńska, P. Niewińska, M. Wilczewska

Methodology for Transnational smart specialisation strategy. Policy paper

Smart specialisation has become the buzzword of recent years, especially among those working in the areas of innovation, regional competitiveness and development, SMEs development, etc. The question is whether this attractive term will also become an effective policy concept and be equipped with appropriate instruments to take regions and their economies to higher, more productive and competitive levels. In this light, we have decided to add to the many efforts of turning smart specialisation into better policy and practice.

By identifying the underlying essence smart specialisation as ‘becoming globally competitive in selected combination of sector/technology/theme/knowledge domains’, we have engaged several regions of the Baltic Sea Region from Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, to work out their common smart specialisation priorities and specific domains which are considered ‘opportunity areas’ of establishing joint, globally competitive positions. This, we believe, will be possible only by practical and business-driven innovative projects of key economic actors, specifically small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) which are forced to compete not by scale but by ‘smartness’, and which need wise, structured policy support. (more…)

Methodology for Transnational Smart Specialisation Strategy. Abbreviated Version

This document is an abbreviated version of the upcoming publication “Methodology for Transnational Smart Specialisation Strategy – Policy Paper” (final version planned for distribution in April 2019).

Smart specialisation strategies (S3) are considered a new and promising policy tool for building more knowledge-based and more competitive economies. There are some initial indications that elaborating and implementing these strategies can benefit regional (and national) economic structures by more business and research community interactions, increased investments, attracting talent to innovation centres, and more intensive collaboration among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), leading to stronger economic performance.

Although created within the GoSmart BRS project context, the proposed Trans-S3 methodology can be widely used in any situation when multiple regions attempt to intensify their collaboration based on the smart specialisation concept.

Identification of needs related to increase of innovativeness of internationalisation among SMEs

The aim of this study was to identify needs and barriers related to increasing the innovativeness of internationalisation.

Review and analysis of programmes and tools of public support in smart specialisations, innovation and internationalisation available in Baltic Sea Region

The main aim of GoSmart BSR is to increase capacity of innovation actors (innovation intermediaries, authorities, research institutions, enterprises) to apply smart specialisation approach. To reach that aim many activities are carried out, including reviewing the existing support system for internationalization, smart specialisation and innovation, as well as understanding the barriers and interests for development straight from SMEs themselves. (more…)


The review and analysis of applicable theoretical concepts is the first step for designing and developing the Transnational Innovation Brokerage System (TIBS). This is the report of analysis of the following concepts: Uppsala Model, Value Chain, Supply Chain/Supply Web, Business internationalization models and factors, Business Model, Innovation transfer and Quadruple Helix. Additionally, review of business case studies is included. (more…)